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Saturday, June 9, 2018

Senior Correspondent Arnold Woodworth's Weekly Web Wrap for Friday 6-8-2018

Apple just updated all its operating systems (OS) and none of its hardware
The operating systems introduced at WWDC will be available to all Apple customers in the fall.
They are:
    iOS 12
    macOS Mojave
    watchOS 5
    tvOS updates
This article has aninteresting lists of updated features in every Apple OS.
Apple had no new hardware to show off at all.
Is Apple Really Your Friend?
Let’s just get the obvious stuff out of the way and acknowledge that multi-billion-dollar companies don’t have fundamental values outside of doing what best benefits their shareholders.
Apple has been steadily positioning itself as the anti-Facebook for a while now, and between verbal jabs aimed at the social media giant and privacy-focused product decisions, the patient goodwill campaign seems to be working. Unfortunately, Apple isn’t going to save us, and now’s the time to keep your guard up.
Now that Facebook’s endless cycle of scandals has opened up public awareness of what’s at stake in the battle for online privacy, and political will has, at least slightly, tilted towards doing something about it, Apple has seized an opportunity to remind people how great it is.
Apple received praise when it announced that macOS Mojave will come with updates to Safari that will make it harder than ever for third-parties to use a technique known as “browser fingerprinting” to track your activities.
This wasn’t just Apple taking advantage of a cultural moment and throwing out a new feature for some cheap applause. It’s simply building on the Intelligent Tracking Prevention it introduced into Safari last year that gave users more control over cookies that inform advertisers about their activities. Apple has been thinking about this incoming wave of privacy trouble for quite a while, and Cook has been out there hammering home that “privacy to us is a human right, a civil liberty.”
Back in 2016, Apple took a stand against the FBI’s effort to break into the encrypted iPhone of the San Bernardino shooter and its insistence that it needed a backdoor for Apple’s encryption. The Justice Department accused the company of putting people at risk for the purpose of marketing. The reality is, the good publicity came along with Apple’s correct understanding that backdoors make us all less secure. It just so happens that a market opportunity aligned with the public good, something that is all too rare and shouldn’t be necessary for doing the right thing.
But the days of coasting on its success are waning for Apple and all hardware makers.
There’s a thin difference between saving an industry from itself and becoming an unstoppable gatekeeper for what kind of ads are acceptable and how they’re allowed to be served.
Generally, more competition is welcome. If Apple is giving Facebook and Google headaches, we say that’s great. But it’s a thorny issue when we’re talking about a few billion-dollar companies exchanging places on the ladder as they strive to be trillion-dollar companies. It’s just not enough for the least bad megacorp to keep the evil ones in check. Free markets really don’t police themselves, as the telecoms clearly demonstrate with their practice of tolerating each others mini-monopolies.
Lawmakers are often really stupid. Legislation can be written by lobbyists with tricky loopholes that end up benefiting giants and harming upstarts. And if that happens, regulations should be adjusted. But unless you have a lot of money to buy up a chunk of shares, or have the pull to fire off that perfect tweet that launches a boycott, you have little control over how a corporation will help you. 
Apple opens Health Records API to developers
Apps Empowering Consumers to Manage Medications, Diseases, Nutrition and More Coming This Fall
Today Apple delivered a Health Records API for developers and researchers to create an ecosystem of apps that use health record data to better manage medications, nutrition plans, diagnosed diseases and more. The Health Records feature allows patients of more than 500 hospitals and clinics to access medical information from various institutions organized into one view on their iPhone. For the first time, consumers will be able to share medical records from multiple hospitals with their favorite trusted apps, helping them improve their overall health.
In 1995, Steve Jobs Explained Exactly How Apple Will Fail
Steve Jobs said:
When a company makes great products and achieves a near monopoly, new improved products no longer make a company more successful.
At such a point, better marketing makes a company more successful, NOT better products.
As a result, sales and marketing people get promoted into high level management, NOT people who know how to make great products.
Companies forget what it means to make great products.
The product genius that brought a company to its monopolistic position is rotted out of the company. 
Birth of a standard: The Intel 8086 microprocessor turns 40 today [June 8, 1978]
Apple did NOT use Intel microprocessors until the 21st century.  Still, the 8086 was a real milestone.
Forty years ago, Intel released the 8086 processor, introducing the x86 architecture that underlies every PC—Windows, Mac, or Linux—produced today.
For a practical demonstration of just how powerful the x86 standard is, consider this: Any assembly-language program written as far back as 1978 for the Intel 8086 microprocessor will run, unmodified, on Intel’s latest Core 2 Extreme CPU—just 180,000 times faster.
Apple history: Apple chooses Intel over PowerPC
The PowerPC G5 processor generated too much heat, and consumed too much energy, to power the kind of ultra-thin, ultra-light products Jobs wanted to make with computers like the MacBook Air.

Intel processors, on the other hand, represented where Jobs wanted to take Apple.
Apple History — June 5, 1977
The revolutionary Apple II goes on sale
Apple continued producing updated versions until November 1993.
Apple history — June 1, 1978: Apple II gets its first disk drive
The best floppy drive available at the time, Disk II solved the Apple II’s most glaring weakness — a lack of storage. It also helped establish Apple’s flair for handsome profit margins.
WWDC 2018: Everything important Apple announced
The Sonos Beam is everything the HomePod should have been.
The Sonos Beam launches on July 17,
The brief presentation was filled with quips about how Sonos isn’t out to sell out ads—take that, Google—and how it wasn’t forcing you into walled gardens (ahem, Tim Cook). Nor did it appear to be empty talk. In the span of little more than half an hour, Sonos managed to deliver a vision of a smart speaker that I wouldn’t mind plunking down $400 for. Here’s why we [at MacWorld magazine] think it’s so much better.
HomePod locks you into Apple Music ... requires giving your soul to Apple Music
The Sonos Beam, though, lets you use both Spotify and Apple Music. For that matter, it lets you use them with Siri and [Amazon’s] Alexa at the same time (Google Assistant is in the works).
The Sonos Beam is a far more logical speaker for comparison to Homepod. Both are high-end devices that are built to last, and both are designed to be centerpieces. Much like the HomePod, it sounds magnificent regardless of which part of the room you’re standing in (although I believe the HomePod does retain an edge in quality).
How Sonos Is Trying to Future-Proof the Smart Speaker
The Sonos Beam is designed for longevity. Including all three major virtual assistants is a nice touch too.
Sonos unveiled Beam, a smart sound bar, which will soon be virtual assistant agnostic: It’s shipping with Alexa, gaining Siri control with AirPlay 2 in July, and adding Google Assistant compatibility later this year.
Apple introduces macOS Mojave
Major Update Adds Dark Mode, New Mac Apps and an All-New Mac App Store
macOS 10.14 Mojave Drops Support for Many Older Machines
This article has a list of which MacBooks and desktop Macs can run Mac OS10.14 Mojave.
Compared to High Sierra, the update drops support for the older plastic MacBooks, and MacBook Pro, Air, mini, and iMac models from 2009, 2010, and 2011.
Apple Family Sharing: Remember, in-app purchases can’t be shared
Family Sharing remains poorly implemented for most users years after its introduction.
Apple does make clear on what’s sharable with Family Sharing, so it’s not misleading. But it’s not the kind of page people visit and memorize.
Grab all 16 macOS Mojave dynamic wallpapers right here
Dynamic wallpapers are about to change the look of your Mac once Mojave launches to the public, but you don’t have to wait until this fall to get first one [sand dune] right now.
5 great new features in macOS Mojave
10 reasons to get an Apple Mac instead of a Windows PC
MacOS gets better privacy and security features
Apple patches Macs as it starts retirement clock for El Capitan
About one in eight Mac owners still runs OS X 10.11, which may only get one more update before gertting bumped off the support list.
Once macOS 10.14 launches this fall ... OS X El Capitan will drop out of support, and up to a quarter of all Macs will be running retired operating systems.
Apple reveals new Apple Watch features
65+ New Features in watchOS 5 for Apple Watch!
50 new watchOS 5 features / changes! [9to5Mac]
Face ID works with TWO People in iOS 12!!
The author describes it as the “perfect workaround for adding a second registered user” of your iPhone X.
iBooks reading app has been renamed Apple Books in iOS 12
Oh, it's also getting a complete redesign.
10 Cool New iOS and MacOS Features That Apple Didn't Mention at WWDC
Apple previews iOS 12
Apple has provided the “beta test” version of iOS 12 to some people.
iOS 12 will be available to all iPhone and iPad users this fall.
Speed testing iOS 11 versus [not yet released] iOS 12 on an iPhone X
So far, we're really impressed with iOS 12. Not only is it quicker in many apps, but we're also seeing an improvement in apps that take advantage of Metal.
Note:  Metal is the name of Apple’s tool for creating games for iPad and iPhone.
Apple Loop: Latest Leak 'Confirms' New iPhone, iOS 12 Drops Sexy For Security, WWDC Fails MacBooks
It’s no secret that iOS 11 has been a complete mess for Apple. It’s not the travesty that whiny anti-Apple bloggers would have you believe, of course, but there’s no question that Apple made some big mistakes in iOS 11.
iOS 12 stands for stability.
The 10 most beautiful apps you can download for your iPhone and iPad, according to Apple
Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak still hates this iPhone X feature after months of using it
He said:
"The worst thing about it is the combination power and home key button which has about eight different functions in terms of when you push it and how you push it and how long you push it. It's kind of confusing... and that's not the nature of Apple products."
Why Mac users don't really matter to Apple
Sorry Mac users, but you're not a high priority for Apple these days.
There's something a lot bigger and more fundamental that Mac users need to realize and absorb: The Mac isn't a huge part of Apple's business.
Mac users represent about 10 percent of Apple's user base.  The other 90% are iPhone and iPad users.
Hey Siri, we have to talk
An open letter to Apple’s digital assistant.
When you were unveiled seven years ago, Siri, I was so excited by your promise.  Though clunky at first, we knew you’d get smarter over time, like a toddler learning to speak. 

But you’ve been stuck in infancy, while Amazon and Google take your birthright.

Siri has been around for almost 7 years, but it still kind of sucks. Personal assistants like Google Assistant and Amazon's Alexa are constantly improving.
Paul Manafort tried to hide from the feds using encrypted WhatsApp—but forgot about iCloud
Special counsel Robert Mueller has accused Donald Trump’s former campaign chief Paul Manafort of witness tampering. Manafort allegedly tried to hide his communications with potential witnesses using the encrypted messaging apps WhatsApp and Telegram, but prosecutors appear to have accessed the messages via his iCloud account.
WhatsApp has a setting that automatically backs up messages to iCloud. If enabled, this would render the app’s famous end-to-end encryption useless in terms of hiding from law enforcement equipped with a search warrant.
Don't Be Like Paul Manafort. Backing Up Your WhatsApp Messages Creates A Security Loophole
Manafort got into trouble because he didn't understand that enabling cloud backups on his WhatsApp account gave investigators a way to circumvent the app's end-to-end encryption.
Here’s how to disable WhatsApp backups to Apple’s iCloud and to Google Drive.
How to enable Messages in iCloud on your iPhone, iPad, and Mac
Messages in iCloud finally arrives in iOS 11.4 to fix your iMessage-syncing woes
’s been a long time coming, but Apple is finally launching its Messages in iCloud feature today with the release of iOS 11.4.
Messages on iCloud is kind of complicated, but here’s what it does.
Apple sees steep increase in US national security-related data requests
Apple's transparency report on government data requests shows another sharp increase in US national security-related requests.
Russia to Apple: Kill Telegram crypto-chat – or the App Store gets it
Russia’s communications regulator Roskomnadzor has written to Apple with a request to remove messaging app Telegram from its App Store. Or else.
Russia has tried to ban Telegram for several months, citing its use by terrorist groups as justification and securing court orders to access its encryption keys. Telegram has declined to comply, saying it doesn’t have the keys and never did!
If you're wondering why Telegram hasn't updated its iOS app in two months, there's a clear reason for that, according to founder and CEO Pavel Durov. He says Apple blocked Telegram from issuing updates after Russia ordered the app's removal from the App Store last month.

The Kremlin issued the decree after the messaging app would not provide decryption keys to let Russian authorities snoop on what users were talking about -- seven percent of Telegram's 200 million users are in Russia, around 14 million people. Telegram decided user privacy was more important than kowtowing to Russia.
Family Removes Alexa Devices After a Stranger in Another Town Heard Everything They Were Saying
A homeowner named Danielle, who asked for her last name to remain anonymous, told KIRO 7 that she and her husband were in their house, discussing home improvement projects and hardwood floors when they received an urgent call from one of her husband’s employees in Seattle.

“The person on the other line said, ‘unplug your Alexa devices right now, you’re being hacked,’” Danielle said.
One of the most alarming factors in the ordeal was that the Alexa device made a recording and chose to send it to a contact on its own, without alerting the homeowners to what it was doing or asking for permission. Danielle said the engineer did not explain why it happened, or if it was happening to other Alexa users.
Danielle is now seeking a full refund from Amazon on her Alexa devices.
As The Free Thought Project has previously reported, while Amazon devices can be activated by a number of wake words, including, “Alexa,” “Amazon,” “Computer” and “Echo,” and users cannot turn off the required microphone, they can track what Alexa has recorded and delete it.

Woman claims hacker used baby monitor to spy on her in her bedroom — here’s how to protect yourself
Is your baby monitor safe?
Jamie Summitt said:
“All of a sudden I noticed out of the corner of my eye that the camera was moving...and it was panning over to our bed,” she wrote. “The exact spot that I breastfeed my son every day. Once the person watching realized I was not in bed, he panned back over to Noah asleep in his bassinet.”
“I feel so violated,” she added.
GDPR Ain’t Helping Anyone In The Innovation Economy
May 25th 2018 is the day the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) goes into effect.
It’s the most significant new framework for data regulation in recent history. Not only does every company that does business with an EU citizen have to comply with GDPR, but most major Internet companies (like Google, Facebook, etc) have already announced they intend to export the “spirit” of GDPR to all of their customers, regardless of their physical location. Given that most governments still don’t know how to think about data as a social or legal asset, GDPR is likely the most important new social contract between consumers, business, and government in the Internet’s history. And to avoid burying the lead, I think it stinks for nearly all Internet companies, save the biggest ones.
First and foremost, the legislation is a response to what many call “surveillance capitalism,” a business model driven in large part (but not entirely) by the rise of digital marketing.
The largest companies can leverage GDPR to increase their power and further protect their businesses from smaller competitors. The innovation ecosystem loses, and the tech oligarchy is strengthened.
It’s clear that GDPR, while well intentioned, has already delivered a massive and unexpected externality: Instead of limiting the reach of the most powerful players operating in the world of data, it has in fact achieved the opposite effect.
More About Wikipedia’s Corruption
I do not exclude truths that happen to be included in the standard account; but neither do I (as Wikipedia does] exclude facts which contradict the standard account.
Wikipedia, in the individuals whom it hires to nix or else to accept each editorial change that is being made to a given article, in effect, writes Wikipedia articles — and that it does so consistently filtering out facts — no matter how conclusively proven to be true — that contradict the ‘news’media’s (and CIA’s) boilerplate ‘history’ of the given matter.
Connected Cars Can Lie, Posing a New Threat to Smart Cities
Attacks can happen by making a car lie about its own position and speed.
The hardware and software in modern cars can be modified, either physically through the car’s diagnostic ports or over wireless connections, to instruct a car to transmit false information.
This is just the beginning of our research into new types of security problems in the smart transportation systems of the future, which we hope will both discover weaknesses and identify ways to protect the roads and the drivers on them.
Homeland Security’s Massive New Database Will Include Face Recognition, DNA, and People’s “Non-Obvious Relationships”
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is quietly building what will likely become the largest database of biometric and biographic data on citizens and foreigners in the United States. The agency’s new Homeland Advanced Recognition Technology (HART) database will include multiple forms of biometrics—from face recognition to DNA, data from questionable sources, and highly personal data on innocent people. It will be shared with federal agencies outside of DHS as well as state and local law enforcement and foreign governments. And yet, we still know very little about it.
Police abuse of facial recognition technology is not a theoretical issue: it’s happening today.
DHS acknowledges that these records will include “non-obvious relationships.” However, if the relationships are “non-obvious,” one has to question whether they truly exist. Instead, DHS could be seeing connections among people that are based on nothing more than “liking” the same news article, using the same foreign words, or following the same organization on social media. This is highly problematic because records like these frequently inform officer decisions to stop, search, and arrest people.
DHS’s external partners are also employing face recognition systems with high rates of inaccuracy.
I’ll leave you with a robot that wants to destroy all humans. Laugh it up now, but there’s a reason Tesla founder Elon Musk said artificial intelligence is potentially more dangerous than nuclear weapons. All those robot apocalypse movies are quickly catching up to humanity and look like our foreseeable future.

Saturday, May 26, 2018

Revive Office 2008 in macOS 10.13 through Virtualization!

Office 2008 for Mac solved your office software problems. You could write using Word, create spreadsheets using Excel, and make presentations using Powerpoint. Now it won’t work on the latest version of macOS, 10.13.

What if you could revive your favorite version of Office for Mac within the current operating system? I have and I’m going to show you in just a minute.

First, what is the problem? Apple adds and sheds new features to its Macs with each new version. When those features don’t increase the benefits to you, that’s the problem. When it costs you substantially to replace the version of Office working for you with a newer one just so that you can continue to use your files with your Mac…that’s a bug, not a feature.

Virtualization of older version of macOS under the new one solves the problem. As Jason Snell pointed out in a recent Macworld article, the software exists to do this for consumers. I’m just taking it a step further.

What does it mean to “virtualize an operating system”? It means to run a guest operating system from a special app running under your host operating system. Several files serve the purpose of a hard drive or SSD for the guest operating system.

What do I need to achieve this goal?

You’ll need the following:

1. An Intel 64-bit Mac with at least 2 Gb of RAM per virtualized operating system and preferably 4 Gb. If you just have 4 Gb of RAM memory soldered to the motherboard, you can only virtualize 1 operating system besides your main operating system. If you can increase your RAM by swapping in higher capacity sticks of RAM, do so! The more, the better.

2. Enough hard disk/SSD storage space for the virtualized operating systems files and any apps you want to install.

3. One CPU core per operating system. If you have a dual core i5, you can virtualize 1. If you have a quad core i5, you can virtualize 3.

4. The downloaded operating system you want to virtualize. For macOS, you can download past versions you have installed previously through the Mac App Store.

5. An external USB DVD drive if your current Mac lacks a DVD drive and the software you want to install comes on a DVD/CD. It costs about $25 at Frys or through Amazon.


If you don’t have a copy of the operating system, then you’ll need to talk to your fellow Mac enthusiasts for a copy of it. You can’t legally sell a copy of macOS. At most you could ask for compensation for the cost of the storage media, such as flash drive.

Be discrete and for Heaven’s sake, don’t download from a sketchy Web site. You’re just asking to load up your Mac with malware!

Finally, you’ll need virtualization software. Jason Snell suggested, which I second, Parallels Desktop for Mac. It’s $80 if you haven’t bought it before, $50 if you have. You can virtualize many Intel/AMD based operating systems such as macOS, various flavors of Linux, and Windows.

Parallels makes it easy to install new operating systems.

What are my free virtualization options?

If you balked at paying $80 for virtualization software, I have a suggestion for you. That suggestion is Parallels Desktop Lite.

Parallels hasn’t publicized Parallels Desktop Lite. You get it from the Mac App Store. When you set it up, it gives you a choice. Either you can buy the option allowing you to install Windows and receive paid support for a year; or you can just virtualize Linux and macOS for free without paid support.

3 Support Plan for Windows or Free Linux  macOS


Deciding to virtualize only Linux and macOS saves you the $80. If you decide to virtualize Windows-any version of Windows, even your old Windows XP install DVD…you can do so and expect to pay Parallels for the privilege.

Installing the virtualization software, operating system, and desired application.

I will warn you right now that several parts of this process will take time. During those periods, you have to wait. Patiently. I would suggest downloading operating systems during work hours or performing other activities.

Step 1: Go to the Mac App Store to select and install Parallels Desktop Lite.
Step 2: Wait for the App Store to install it on your Mac
Step 3: Download the older version of macOS you want to virtualize.
Step 4: Install it. You may have to convert this older operating system from an App into an .iso installer file. I’ll go into that later.
Step 5: Install the older software you wish to revive.
Step 6: You’re in business!

Installing Parallels Desktop Lite

You install Parallels Desktop Lite by going to the App Store through the icon in your dock.




In the search window, enter “parallels desktop lite” Select it and the automatic installation begins. Watch the installation’s progress as a progress bar under the Launchpad window.

A window displaying the app appears. It is free, although it comes with an in-app option for a $59.99 1-year subscription. This subscription enables you to run Windows and receive paid support.

I’m going with the free Linux and macOS only with no paid support option.

Installing macOS

You need to obtain your own copy of the desired macOS version. I experimented with 10.8 and 10.10. I found it easier to install 10.10 than 10.8. I’ll explain.

Parallels Desktop Lite automatically converted the 10.10 installer app into an installation file. Installing 10.8 took more work. I needed to convert 10.8’s installer into an .iso installation file. I tried this procedure on two different Macs with success. I’ll explain how to do this at the end.

5 Conversion of Installer App into installation file


The procedure for both versions took time to complete. You need patience. You see the same screens you see when you install on a standard Mac.

A word of caution. If your host Mac has only 4 GB of soldered-in RAM, like my MacBook Air does, DO NOT allow Parallels Desktop Lite to lower the memory from 2048 MB! You need at least 2 GB of memory for the guest macOS to run at all.

Installation took about an hour, including the conversion of files and finishing details.

After installation finished, I installed and set up the Parallels Shared Folders. This gives you access to the set of folders on your host Mac you want.

To install Parallels Tools from which you set up the Shared Folders, nudge your cursor to the top of the screen. You want to see the menu for the guest OS set up by Parallels. 

You want the Actions menu. Go down to the bottom and select “Install Parallels Tools"


10 Go to Actions Menu to install Parallels Tools


Parallels Tools 11 Parallels Tools Click on the Gear


Parallels Tools is another disk image that looks like a generic hard drive icon with two parallel red lines. 

Click on it to open.

Within it you see two icons. One is a gear to install the tools. The other is a trash can to uninstall Parallels Tools.

Click on the gear. Follow the on-screen instructions. When asked to, enter your guest OS user password.

When the installation finishes, reboot your guest OS. The installer will do it automatically if you don’t do it first.

You’ll see a network folder icon appear on your guest OS’ desktop. It’s marked Parallels Shared Folders.

12 Go to the Devices menu and choose Add a folder


One more thing…you need to define the host OS’ folders to connect to.

Now nudge your pointer up to the top of the guest OS’ desktop to make the host OS’ menu appear. This time you want the Actions


Go to Sharing.

From the Sharing submenu, go to Add A Folder...

My suggestion is to add your /Users/<host user name> folder. Your main User folder. Click on the “OK"

Button and your Shared Folders are set up.

13 Choose Users and your name as your folders

Installing the desired app(s)

With installation of macOS as a guest OS, I proceeded to install the app. I installed Office 2008 with macOS 10.10 and Office 2011 with macOS 10.8.

I want to warn you about Office 2011. Microsoft has imposed a limit on activations. You can only install it so many times before Microsoft refuses to activate it. They believe you must be a pirate! So exercise good judgement when installing Office 2011.

Connecting the DVD with Office 2008 and the flash drive with Office 2011 took a little effort. You want to use Parallels Desktop Lite’s menu, which you access by pushing your mouse/pointing device’s cursor to the top. You want to use the Devices menu to connect the physical media to the virtual machine.

If you can’t get the DVD/CD drive to appear on the Desktop, go to the Devices menu in Parallels. At the bottom you’ll see the Configure… menu choice. Select it.

14 Go to the Configure menu option



26 the Host OS Configuration Menu


In the Parallels Configuration screen, click on CD/DVD. In the source box to the right, choose the physical DVD drive. That should force Parallels to recognize your DVD drive and make the installation DVD appear on your Desktop.

Click on the DVD icon and click on the installer. Follow the on-screen instructions and enter the software key when requested. You’re back in business!

Running an update caused problems. The Automatic Update app wouldn’t work under a virtual machine. I downloaded the updaters manually to install. Safari on the guest OS could get to Microsoft.


Printing needed preparation.

You need to go to your host Mac’s Printer and Scanner preference pane. Make sure you set up the printer you want to use with the guest OS as a shared printer. You’ll set up a tiny network right on your own Mac. You’ll need to go back to your guest OS to set up the printer through its Print and Scan preference pane.

16 Setting up the host printer as shared


In the guest macOS’s Printer and Scanner preference pane, click on the “+” click in the lower right-hand corner below the list of printers. That list is probably blank.

17 the guest OS printer is empty


You’ll see a selection for your host OS’s printer followed by an @ sign and the host computer it’s attached to. Choose that printer. You’ve set up a tiny network right in your computer.


18 Add the host OS printer to the guest OS


19 You ve added the printer to the guest OS

With Shared folders and shared printers, you’ve set up the system. Use the Mission Control to set up a virtual screen. Use Control and the <- and -> arrow keys to move between your host OS screen and your guest OS screen.

Happy Computing!

Converting macOS 10.8 into an .iso file

I want to thank Faiz Saleem for giving me the clues on how to do this. He told me that Disk Utility would convert the .dmg file into a .cdr. CDR is Apple’s name for an .iso file, which is what Linux and Windows use for installation files. Just rename the .cdr file to .iso and you’re set to go.

First, download macOS 10.8. This will take some time to download. You may want to start this before you leave for work or school. You’ll find it in the Applications folder when you come home.

Second, open up the Disk Utility. For this, I used the Disk Utility from 10.13.4.

Third, control-click on the Install OS X Mountain Lion app. A menu appears under the cursor. You want “Show Package Contents”, which displays the internal folders and files within the app.

27 Open Package Contents for maOS Mountain Lion

Now you see a folder named “Contents”. Double-click on that to open it.

28 Contents folder


You’ll see some more folders. You want “Shared Support” Open it.

29 Shared Support folder


You’ll see two files, a .dmg named “Install ESD.dmg” and another .mpkg file named “OSInstall.mpkg.”

30 InstallESD dmg




You want the InstallESD.dmg file. Click and drag it to your Desktop.

You’ll see a file on your Desktop. It may be an alias if you dragged it from the /Application folder on your Mac. If you drag it from another drive altogether, you’ll get a copy weighing in at over 4 Gb. This is the meat of the matter.

You’ve succeeded in isolating the InstallESD.dmg file in either case.

Now to convert this .dmg file into a .cdr file, which you then rename as an .iso file.

Go to the Disk Utility’s menu. Make sure you can see all the drives plugged into your Mac in Disk Utility. These are the internal drives and the external USB, Firewire, and Thunderbolt connected drives.

31 Disk Utility

Now go to the Images menu. You want “Convert…” Click on it.

32 the Images menu and Convert


You’ll now want to add the InstallESD.dmg file. Go to the Desktop and choose it.

33 Choose InstallESD dmg


Now you choose the format to convert this .dmg to. You go to the menus below the list of files. You choose “no encryption” and the file format as  “DVD/CD master”

22 save as CDR format unencrypted


The conversion begins. It will take some time, as this is an over 4 Gb file! Be patient.

If successful, you’ll see an on-screen message “Operation successful”. Click on the “Done” button to finish. Exit Disk Utility.

24 DMG to CDR conversion successful


Now change the extension on the “InstallESD converted.cdr” file so it reads “InstallESD converted.iso”. You’ll get a warning about changing a file’s extension. In this case, go ahead, you want to change this file’s extension.

You’re set to go! Go to Parallels Desktop/Parallels Desktop Lite to open this installation file and install OS X Mountain Lion as a guest OS.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Senior Correspondent Arnold Woodworth's Weekly Web Wrap for Wednesday, 5-23-2018

Many service-industry jobs where employees have to be on their feet all day don’t allow workers to check their phones while they’re on the clock.

Quartz spoke with airline attendants, bartenders, waiters, baristas, shop owners, and (very politely) TSA employees who all said the same thing: The Apple Watch keeps them in touch when they can’t be on their phones at work.

Checking notifications on the sly connects you to the outside world, and also can keep you informed in case there’s an emergency at home.

23 tips and tricks to get the most out of your Apple Watch

1. You can use your Apple Watch to find your iPhone if it gets lost.
4. You can silence your Apple Watch by covering it with your hand.

And lots of other tricks.

7 Features That Finally Make the New Apple Watch Worth It

AirPods are what the Apple Watch should’ve been

Like many Apple products from the Steve Jobs era, AirPods “just work.”

AirPods are one of the most seamless products Apple has released in years.

1Password 7 for Mac warns if you’ve been owned

1Password 7 for Mac notifes users of breaches, warn of bad habits, and highlights vulnerable passwords. 1Password mini has a new look, and there’s a new sidebar with a dark theme.

It’s the first really significant update in over two years.

1Password 7 for Mac can be downloaded now. It’s a subscription service starting at $2.99 a month. There’s a 30-day free trial, though.

1Password for Mac gets its first paid upgrade in five years
New design, added features

1Password 7 will cost $49.99 for a limited time before going back to its usual $64.99 price tag.

24 keyboard shortcuts Mac users need to know

Today in Apple history: Apple’s ‘Get a Mac’ campaign came to an end

Remember the two guys saying “I’m a Mac … and I’m a PC” ?

On May 21, 2010, Apple quietly ended its long-running, award-winning “Get a Mac” marketing campaign.

The original “Get a Mac” ads arrived in 2006.

A total of 66 ads were made.

Today in Apple history: Bill Gates predicted doom for Apple’s biggest product

A very interesting bit of history.

In 2005, Bill Gates predicted that mobile phones would do most of what Apple’s iPods did and that the iPod would eventually fail.

But he failed to predict that Apple would introduce the very mobile phone (called iPhone) that would make his prediction come true.

Shortly after Steve Jobs introduced the iPhone in 2007, Microsoft President Steve Ballmer laughed at the iPhone.

Microsoft missed the biggest change in computing ever — the smart phone — despite Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates prediction.

Apple drops 24 percent off cost of a cable you really need

A USB-C Lightning cable has several uses, including faster charges for recent iPhone and iPad models.

Apple quietly cuts price of its USB-C to Lightning cable down to $19

Belkin today introduced a certified Lightning to 3.5mm audio cable, and announced that pre-orders will begin on its website.

Lightning to 3.5mm audio cables have been available for several years, but Belkin's edition is certified by Apple under its MFi Program, which was recently expanded to include specifications for this type of cable.

US iPhone sales last quarter jumped by 16% as the rest of the market fell by 11%

A new report from Counterpoint Research reveals that Apple during the first quarter of 2018 saw iPhone sales in the United States jump by 16%. In stark contrast, overall smartphone sales in the U.S. fell by 11%. The takeaway here is significant: even in a market where smartphone sales are slumping, Apple still manages to see an uptick in year-over-year iPhone sales.

Two videos:
This app hacked the iPhone’s dual camera system, and you’ve never seen anything like it

The app is called Apollo, and it’s available right now from the iOS App Store for $1.99. Trust us, it’ll be the best $1.99 you spend all week.

iPhone X - Honest 6-Month Review

iPhone X's Face ID reviewed, six months later

Face ID replaced Touch ID in Apple’s latest and greatest iPhone.

Six months down the line, Face ID continues to prove the security switch was worth doing.

How to Get Better Recommendations From Apple Music, Spotify, and More

If you’re struggling to find new music and your app of choice isn’t helping, don’t give up. There are a bunch of simple ways to improve those recommendations.

Attention Music Lovers: Here's Why You Should Consider Investing in an Apple HomePod ASAP

There is a strong case to be made for it being the ultimate music lover's speaker. Not only is the sound quality out of this world, the HomePod also comes armed with the most incredible range of music personalization available. After spending a couple of weeks using the combination of Apple Music and Apple's smart speaker, I can officially say that it dramatically upped the quality of my music game.

One of the most important things to note about Apple Music's curated playlists is that there are no machines involved — each and every playlist is handcrafted by human editors who love the music just as much as you do.

Siri can hear you — no matter what.

Inexpensive Logitech Crayon iPad stylus debuts just for students

Logitech’s $49 active stylus for iPad unveiled back in March just debuted. However, at this point the Crayon can only be purchased through Apple’s Education channel.

Logitech Crayon for iPad now available to schools, half price of Apple Pencil

The Logitech Crayon, a lower-cost stylus using Apple Pencil technology, is now available for purchase by schools for $49.95.

Logitech says that it’s designed specifically for use with the 6th-generation iPad. It relies on short-range RF, rather than Bluetooth, so it is incompatible with all other iPad Pros currently on the market.

Best iPad apps for Apple Pencil

15 really good apps.

The best note-taking apps for the iPad Pro and Pencil (2018)

The Apple iPad 9.7" Is Everything We've Been Waiting For

The latest generation of iPad — better known as the iPad 9.7" — comes with every single thing that you could possibly want in a tablet.

I believe the Apple iPad 9.7" is the model that's finally worth the cost of an upgrade.

Remember to check this web site every day for new bargains on apps for iPhone and iPad.

Why Are My Parents' iPhones All Synchronized Up?

Apple thinks that both of her parents’ iPhones belong to one person instead of one belonging to the husband and one to the wife.


When setting up this iPhone for the first time (or again), one of parents decided it would be more convenient to just use the same Apple ID as the other device.

Fortunately, this article tells you how to solve this problem.

2 Easy Ways to Find Your iPhone When It's on Silent

The second way is a clever trick that I wouldn’t have though of.

The Most Popular iPhone and iPad apps on App Store

9 Things You Need to Do Before Selling Your iPhone

Follow These 7 Steps to Erase All Your Data Before Selling Your MacBook

After all, you DON’T want the person you sell ONLY your old computer, NOT all your personal information on it too.

Change My View: MacBook Pro keyboard issues are embarrassing but overblown

In most cases, the issue appears to occur when a small piece of debris gets trapped in the mechanism. Apple recommends cleaning your keyboard with compressed air to resolve the problem, and in most cases that does the trick.

Sure, it shouldn’t have happened. I’m not disputing that. But I do think that calls for Apple to recall the models affected, and lawsuits demanding – among other things – full refunds, are excessive.

I’ve experienced the issue myself, with the space bar. It was irritating, and left me unimpressed by the company’s quality control processes.

But, a few seconds with a can of compressed air resolved it. That’s not great, of course. A machine costing thousands of dollars shouldn’t require owners to go out and buy a can of compressed air, then use it, perhaps on a semi-regular basis. But I do think it’s a bit of a first-world problem. I don’t think it justifies recalling the models, and I don’t think it justifies refunding the purchase cost.

How to Join the Class Action Lawsuit Over Apple's Crappy MacBook Keyboards

If you bought a MacBook with butterfly-switch keys, you probably qualify to join the lawsuit. That includes any 12-inch MacBook model from 2015 or later. It also covers the MacBook Pro from 2016 onwards (with or without the Touch Bar). And you don’t have to have a messed-up MacBook to participate. Girard Gibbs LLP (the firm behind the new suit) doesn’t specify that you need to have experienced any keyboard issues in order to join the class-action lawsuit.

Start thinking about what you might do with the sweet $20 you’ll make if the lawsuit prevails—as tends to be the case with litigation like this.

How to keep using Time Machine without AirPort or Time Capsule

You can use an ordinary hard disk instead.  This article has detailed instructions.

Apple launches new privacy portal, users can download a copy of everything Apple knows about them

How to Delete or Deactivate Your Apple ID Account and Data

While any customer anywhere can delete an Apple ID account, Apple says the ability to deactivate an Apple ID account is limited to accounts with locations set in the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland. Apple intends to roll out the deactivation option around the world "in the coming months."

TeenSafe phone monitoring app leaks teens’ iCloud logins in plaintext

A security researcher has discovered at least two servers hosted by a “secure” monitoring app for iOS and Android, TeenSafe, that were up on Amazon Web Services (AWS) for months without the need for a passcode to get at their data.

The mobile app, TeenSafe, bills itself as being a “secure” monitoring app built by parents, for parents. It lets parents view their kids’ text messages, monitor who they’re calling and when, to track their phones’ current and historical locations, to check their browsing histories, and to see what apps they’ve installed.

The leaky servers were discovered by Robert Wiggins, a UK-based security researcher who searches for public and exposed data.

How to uninstall MacKeeper from your Mac
Some people regret installing MacKeeper but can't figure out how to remove it. We're here for you.

How to delete the 'mshelper' malware from macOS

As it isn't a virus, it is likely mshelper is distributed through an installation of another piece of software rather than spreading organically.

The 2 Questions Steve Jobs Used to Get Brutally Honest Feedback

Steve Jobs knew all about how uncomfortable people can be bearing bad news, so he came up with a clever way to extract honest appraisals from his teams.

Question 1:  Ask one person “Tell me what’s NOT working."

Question 2:  Ask a different person “Tell me what is working.”

Jobs would alternate between the two questions until he felt like he had a handle on what was going on.

Steve Jobs Used These 3 Deceptively Simple Questions to Turn Apple into an Innovation Powerhouse

1. "What's not working?”
2. "Why doesn't it work?”
3. "Is this the best you can do?"

20 Years Ago, Steve Jobs Said 1 Thing Separates Living an Exceptional Life From an Average One

Every day, do a few things differently from the people around you. 

After a week, you'll be uncommon. After a month, you'll be special.

After a year, you will be exceptional.

And you'll have done so on your terms.

Steve Wozniak:
Bitcoin And Blockchain Will Achieve Full Potential In a Decade

Wozniak explained his positive outlook on blockchain by the fact that there are many useful applications for the technology in a number of areas.

Steve Wozniak tells us: 'We've lost our privacy and it's been abused’

Woz said:

“What bothers me more than anything in the world is when technology goes bad.” 

“We lost our security a long time ago. We've lost our privacy and it's been abused.”

“Data sharing makes us subjects of others, of control. I don't like that. I think people should be independent and free.”

Woz also answered a question about whether monopolists like Apple, Google, Facebook, and Amazon should be split up.

7 Gmail tips every emailer should know

Facebook Announces Partnership with Think Tank Connected to NATO, Military Industrial Complex

Facebook announced a new partnership with the Atlantic Council, a think tank which officially claims to provide a forum for international political, business, and intellectual leaders. The social media giant said the partnership is aimed at preventing Facebook from “being abused during elections.”

Essentially, the Atlantic Council is a think tank which can offer companies or nation states access to military officials, politicians, journalists, diplomats, etc. to help them develop a plan to implement their strategy or vision.

The Privacy Scandal That Should Be Bigger Than Cambridge Analytica
Wireless carriers are sharing your real-time location with shady third parties—and a bug lets anyone use that data to track you.

The story involves the real-time location-tracking data that the four largest U.S. wireless carriers collect on everyone with a mobile device. Basically, they know roughly where you are at all times, even if you don’t have your GPS turned on, based on the regular interactions between your phone and nearby cell towers. The carriers aren’t supposed to share that information without your consent.

But the New York Times reported earlier this month that a company called Securus Technologies was offering a service that allowed users to track people’s whereabouts in real time, using data obtained from the wireless companies through a pair of intermediaries.

It gets worse. A Carnegie Mellon researcher poking around on LocationSmart’s website found that he could use a free trial service to instantly pinpoint the location of, well, just about anyone with a mobile phone and wireless service from one of those major carriers. He did this without any permission or credentials, let alone a warrant.

Google and Android are still failing us on messaging and encryption
Refusing to offer default end-to-end encrypted messaging — nevermind across platforms — in 2018 is technological malpractice.

iMessage is right even as it's wrong
I'd been loathe to accept Apple's iMessage on principle.

To the Apple user, it's seamless. There's absolutely no thought involved. To borrow the phrase, it just works.

But a modern messaging service must work across multiple platforms. It's the right way to do it, and it's the right thing to do. Apple's gonna Apple, however, and so iMessage continues to be available on hardware that funnels money directly to Apple, and nowhere else.



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